The Lowbrow Art , also known by the name of Pop Surrealism is an artistic movement born in the late seventies in the LA area in environments that revolve around the magazines of underground comics , punk music and other California subcultures : the works have usually figurative subjects , often caricatured and are characterized by the use of strong colors and an accentuated decorativeness . The first pop – surrealists are to be found in the figures of Robert Williams and Gary Panter , underground cartoonists . The formalization , and thus the growth of the movement, however, happens only in 1994 with the release of the magazine Juxtapoz directed precisely by Robert Williams. It’s always Robert Williams who has the merit of having invented the name Lowbrow art: in an article published in February 2006 in his magazine says that , in 1979 , Gilbert Shelton , the creator among others the famous Freak Brothers , had decided to publish a book on the works of Williams and since no official institution recognized at the time his art , he decided to use a self-deprecating title : The Lowbrow art of Robt . Williams. The term was used by Williams lowbrow as opposed to highbrow that in colloquial English means ” intellectual ” or ” high culture .” The name remained stuck and spread , although it was not entirely appropriate. Many members of the movement in many cases come from areas other than artistic canons : there are in fact cartoonists , illustrators, tattoo artists , decorators car “hot road” , etc. . Often these artists are self-taught and is perhaps the reason why the movement has always found it difficult to fit into the channels of traditional art . Most of the artists are painters , but between their work is not unusual to find sculptures and toys. In Italy there seems to be a lot of attention to this movement, which now has more than thirty years. In the United States is much followed by galleries and magazines that support it and spread it .
In Italy, the Lowbrow Art for the moment is known and appreciated only by a niche audience .
In Italia, la Lowbrow Art per il momento è conosciuta ed apprezzata solo da un pubblico di nicchia.